Central Bank Perspectives

The ECASH Act

US House Committee on Financial Services

The ECASH Act

March 27, 2022

The bill directs the Secretary of the Treasury to develop and pilot digital dollar technologies that replicate the privacy-respecting features of physical cash, in order to promote greater financial inclusion, maximize consumer protection and data privacy, and advance U.S. efforts to develop and regulate digital assets.
Money and Payments: The U.S. Dollar in the Age of Digital Transformation

Federal Reserve Board

Money and Payments: The U.S. Dollar in the Age of Digital Transformation

January 20, 2022

Research and Analysis

The paper summarizes the current state of the domestic payments system and discusses the different types of digital payment methods and assets that have emerged in recent years, including stablecoins and other cryptocurrencies. It concludes by examining the potential benefits and risks of a CBDC, and identifies specific policy considerations.
Insights on Retail Central Bank Digital Currencies Implementation

International Telecommunication Union

Insights on Retail Central Bank Digital Currencies Implementation

November 18, 2021

This webinar shared insights into retail CBDC projects that are under way in EU, Jamaica and Sweden.
Bank of Jamaica's CBDC Solution

Bank of Jamaica

Bank of Jamaica's CBDC Solution

September 10, 2021

Op Ed

Deputy Governor, Natalie Haynes, describes the steps taken to launch the CBDC pilot project in an op-ed. She details the phases of the procurement process which resulted in the selection of eCurrency as the technology provider.
Central bank digital currency: the quest for minimally invasive technology

Bank for International Settlement

Central bank digital currency: the quest for minimally invasive technology

June 7, 2021

Working Papers No 948


The authors set out the economic and operational requirements for a “minimally invasive” design – one that preserves the private sector’s primary role in retail payments and financial intermediation – for CBDCs and discuss the implications for the underlying technology. Developments inspired by popular cryptocurrency systems do not meet these requirements. Instead, cash is the model for CBDC design. Showing particular promise are digital banknotes that run on “intermediated” or “hybrid” CBDC architectures, supported with technology to facilitate record-keeping of direct claims on the central bank by private sector entities.
New forms of digital money

Bank of England

New forms of digital money

June 6, 2021

Discussion Paper

This Discussion Paper sets out the Bank’s emerging thoughts on new forms of digital money.
Central bank digital currencies - Third report of working group

Norges Bank

Central bank digital currencies - Third report of working group

May 18, 2021

1/2021

This report by a Norges Bank working group summarises the third phase of Norges Bank’s research into CBDCs. The working group discusses the characteristics any CBDC must have, relevant technical solutions and the impact of introducing a CBDC. The working group also discusses international developments in this area and how Norges Bank’s research into CBDCs can continue. The purpose of publishing the working group’s report is to provide information about its work, disseminate knowledge and foster dialogue among stakeholders.
A Bank of Israel Digital Shekel – Potential Benefits, Draft Model, and Issues to Examine​​

Bank of Israel

A Bank of Israel Digital Shekel – Potential Benefits, Draft Model, and Issues to Examine​​

May 10, 2021

The document outlines, in general terms only, a draft model of a Bank of Israel digital currency. This draft does not represent any Bank of Israel decision regarding the characteristics of a digital shekel should any be issued. The draft model is the basis for a discussion and for examination of alternatives by the work teams involved in the matter at the Bank of Israel.
BOJ prepares for central bank digital currency

Bank of Jamaica

BOJ prepares for central bank digital currency

March 21, 2021

After quietly exploring the viability of a central bank digital currency (CBDC) for some time, Bank of Jamaica (BOJ) took the decision in May 2020, as a part of our ongoing retail payments reform, to venture into this digital innovation that is fast becoming a feature of global central banks. We are proud to be a part of a trend in central banking that is being led by the Caribbean.
Dear Mom, Forget the Cash

International Monetary Fund

Dear Mom, Forget the Cash

March 1, 2021

Editorial

This article is written in letter form to a previous generation accustomed to transacting only in the physical world. It explains the inevitable evolution of money into the digital world. It describes the benefits and some of the challenges that we will encounter as central bank digital currency is introduced.
Preconditions for a general-purpose central bank digital currency

The Federal Reserve System of the United States

Preconditions for a general-purpose central bank digital currency

February 24, 2021

FEDS Notes 2021

Money is a social and legal construct underpinned by trust. Conceptions of money have evolved and money has taken many forms over the years. The Federal Reserve note, which was first issued in 1914, is a relatively recent development by historical standards. Today, there are ongoing discussions on a new form of central bank money distinct from physical cash and limited-access central bank deposits. This report focuses on the potential for a general-purpose CBDC that can be used by the public for day-to-day payments.
Central bank digital currencies: foundational principles and core features

Bank for International Settlements

Central bank digital currencies: foundational principles and core features

October 9, 2020

Report no 1

The Bank of Canada, European Central Bank, Bank of Japan, Sveriges Riksbank, Swiss National Bank, Bank of England, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve and Bank for International Settlements have collaborated on a report setting out common foundational principles and core features of a CBDC.